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Think and Do The Extraordinary

Paul Huffman

Professor and Department Head

Riddick Hall 428



After obtaining his BS in Physics at NC State in 1990, Professor Huffman earned his MA (in 1992) and his PhD (in 1995) in Physics at Duke University. Paul then spent three years as a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University before taking a staff position at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, MD. Paul joined the Physics department in 2004 as an Associate Professor with a 5-year joint appointment with the Physics Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Paul is also a member of the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory.


Research Description

Paul's research efforts are centered around using neutrons to both test the Standard Model and investigate the weak interaction through beta decay and neutron-nucleon processes. This includes performing experiments in these areas and in the development of new neutron sources for use in future fundamental neutron physics experiments. Paul has also been involved in the development of a neutron imaging facility for fuel cells.  

Selected Publications

A new cryogenic apparatus to search for the neutron electric dipole moment
M. Ahmed, R. Alarcon, A. Aleksandrova, S. Baessler, L. Barron-Palos, L. Bartoszek, D. Beck, M. Behzadipour, I. Berkutov, J. Bessuille, M. Blatnik, M. Broering, L. Broussard, M. Busch, R. Carr, V. Cianciolo, S. Clayton, M. Cooper, C. Crawford, S. Currie, C. Daurer, R. Dipert, K. Dow, D. Dutta, Y. Efremenko, C. Erickson, B. Filippone, N. Fomin, H. Gao, R. Golub, C. Gould, G. Greene, D. Haase, D. Hasell, A. Hawari, M. Hayden, A. Holley, R. Holt, P. Huffman, E. Ihloff, S. Imam, T. Ito, M. Karcz, J. Kelsey, D. Kendellen, Y. Kim, E. Korobkina, W. Korsch, S. Lamoreaux, E. Leggett, K. Leung, A. Lipman, C. Liu, J. Long, S. MacDonald, M. Makela, A. Matlashov, J. Maxwell, M. Mendenhall, H. Meyer, R. Milner, P. Mueller, N. Nouri, C. O'Shaughnessy, C. Osthelder, J. Peng, S. Penttila, N. Phan, B. Plaster, J. Ramsey, T. Rao, R. Redwine, A. Reid, A. Saftah, G. Seidel, I. Silvera, S. Slutsky, E. Smith, W. Snow, W. Sondheim, S. Sosothikul, T. Stanislaus, X. Sun, C. Swank, Z. Tang, R. Dinani, E. Tsentalovich, C. Vidal, W. Wei, C. White, S. Williamson, L. Yang, W. Yao, A. Young
JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 14, (2019), doi:10.1088/1748-0221/14/11/P11017

Measurement of the absolute neutron beam polarization from a supermirror polarizer and the absolute efficiency of a neutron spin rotator for the NPDGamma experiment using a polarized He-3 neutron spin-filter
M. Musgrave, S. Baessler, S. Balascuta, L. Barron-Palos, D. Blyth, J. Bowman, T. Chupp, V. Cianciolo, C. Crawford, K. Graycraft, N. Fomin, J. Fry, M. Gericke, R. Gillis, K. Grammer, G. Greene, J. Hamblen, C. Hayes
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section A, 895, (2018), 19–28

High-sensitivity measurement of 3He-4He isotopic ratios for ultracold neutron experiments
H. P. Mumm, M. G. Huber, W. Bauder, N. Abrams, C. M Deibel, C. R. Huffer, P. R. Huffman, K. W. Schelhammer, R. Janssens, C. L. Jiang, R. H. Scott, R. C. Pardo, K. E. Rehm, R. Vondrasek, C. M. Swank, C. M. O'Shaughnessy, M. Paul, and L. Yang
Physical review C, 93, (2016), 065502

Survival analysis approach to account for non-exponential decay rate effects in lifetime experiments.
Coakley, K. J., Dewey, M. S., Huber, M. G., Huffer, C. R., Huffman, P. R., Marley, D. E., Mumm, H. P., O'Shaughnessy, C. M., Schelhammer, K. W., Thompson, A. K., & Yue, A. T.
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section A 813, (2016), 84-95

Fundamental neutron physics beamline at the spallation neutron source at ORNL.
Fomin, N., Greene, G. L., Allen, R. R., Cianciolo, V., Crawford, C., Tito, T. M., Huffman, P. R., Iverson, E. B., Mahurin, R., & Snow, W. M.
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section A 773, (2015), 45-51

Ultracold neutron source at the PULSTAR reactor: Engineering design and cryogenic testing.
Korobkina, E., Medlin, G., Wehring, B., Hawari, A. I., Huffman, P. R., Young, A. R., Beaumont, B., & Palmquist, G.
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research, Section A 767, (2014), 169-175

Detecting scintillations in liquid helium
Huffman, P. R., & McKinsey, D. N.
Journal of Instrumentation, 8, (2013)

Measuring the Neutron Lifetime Using Magnetically Trapped Neutrons
C.M. O'Shaughnessy, R. Golub, K.W. Schelhammer, C.M. Swank, P.-N. Seo, P.R. Huffman, S.N. Dzhosyuk, C.E.H. Mattoni, L. Yang, J.M. Doyle, K.J. Coakley, A.K. Thompson, H.P. Mumm, S.K. Lamoreaux, D.N. McKinsey, and G. Yang.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, A. 611, (2009), p. 171

Relaxation of spin-polarized 3He in mixtures of 3He and 4He at about 330 mK
Q. Ye, H. Gao, W. Zheng, D. Dutta, F. DuBose, R. Golub, P. Huffman, C. Swank, and E. Korobkina.
Physical Review A., 80, (2009), p. 023403.

Invited Article: Development of High-field Superconducting Ioffe Magnetic Traps
L. Yang, J. M. Doyle, P. R. Huffman, S. N. Dzhosyuk, C. E. H. Mattoni, C. M. Brome, J. M. Butterworth, R. M. Michniak, C. M. O'Shaughnessy, E. Korobkina, R. Golub, P.-N. Seo, G. R. Palmquist, H. P. Mumm, A. K. Thompson, K. Coakley, G. Yang, D. N. McKinsey, and S. K. Lamoreaux.
Review of Scientific Instruments., 79, (2008), p. 031301

In situ investigation of water transport in an operating PEM fuel cell using neutron radiography: Part 1 - Experimental method and serpentine flow field results
T. A. Trabold, J. P. Owejan, D. L. Jacobson, M. Arif, and P. R. Huffman.
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer., 49, (2006), p. 4712

An ultracold neutron source at the NC State University PULSTAR reactor
E. Korobkina, B. W. Wehring, A. I. Hawari, A. R. Young, P. R. Huffman, R. Golub, Y. Xu, and G. R. Palmquist.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods A., 579, (2007), p. 530

Proposed Measurement of the Parity-Violating Neutron Spin Rotation in 4He
A. M. Micherdzinsk, C. D. Bass, B. E. Crawford, J. M. Dawkins, T. D. Findley, B. R. Heckel, J. C. Horton, P. R. Huffman, D. Luo, D. M. Markoff, H. P. Mumm, J. S. Nico, M. Sarsour, W. M. Snow, and H. E. Swanson. Ed. P. D. Barnes, M. D. Cooper, R. A. Eisenstein, H. van Hecke, and G. J. Stephenson.
AIP Conference Proceedings., 842, (2005), p. 799

Progress Towards A Precision Measurement of the Neuron Lifetime Using Magnetically Trapped Ultracold Neutrons
P.-N. Seo, K. J. Coakley, J. M. Doyle, F. H. DuBose, R. Golub, E. Korobkina, S. K. Lamoreaux, H. P. Mumm, C. M. O'Shaughnessy, G. R. Palmquist, A. K. Thompson, G. L. Yang, L. Yang, and P. R. Huffman. Ed. P. D. Barnes, M. D. Cooper, R. A. Eisenstein, H. van Hecke, and G. J. Stephenson.
AIP Conference Proceedings., 842, (2005), p. 811

Precision neutron interferometric measurements of the n-p, n-d, and n-3He zero-energy coherent neutron scattering amplitudes
P. R. Huffman, M. Arif, T. C. Black, D. L. Jacobson, K. Schoen, W. M. Snow, and S. A. Werner
Physica B., 385-386, (2006), p. 1365

Chaotic Scattering of Marginally Trapped Ultracold Neutrons
K. J. Coakley, J. M. Doyle, S. N. Dzhosyuk, L. Yang, and P. R. Huffman.
Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology., 110, (2005), p. 367

Search for a Neutron Electric Dipole Moment
R. Golub and P. R. Huffman.
Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology., 110, (2005), p. 169